Literature Analyses

Written by  Melvin Shelton

Publisher: Ludwig Music Publishing Co.
Year Published: 1988 
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = 2

1999-2001 Texas PML rating = Grade 2

Reviewed by: Michael Burnias - Spring 2000
Style/Form: MA soft dramatic piece which gives way for expressive dynamic contrast.  The piece begins with a 3 bar introduction.  The first phrase begins at m.4 with the clarinets.  There is a rallentando at m. 18 which slowly moves and builds to m. 20 to the a tempo.  Then another slight building of tension at m. 24 to the piu mosso going to  the fermata and caesura in m. 30.  At m. 32 there are many solo lines replaying the theme.  From m. 52 to the end is the final climax of the piece which should be played anticipatingly to the end.
Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

Three flats 
Time Signatures: 4/4
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Flute up to g2, down to b; Oboe up to c2; Clarinet 1 up to d2, down to d; Clarinet 2 up to b-flat 1; Bassoon up to e-flat
    Cornet 1 up to a1, down to c; Horn in F 1 up to e-flat 1; Horn in F 2 up to d1; Trombone 1 up to e-flat; Trombone 2 up to e-flat; Trombone  3 up to A, down to FF; Baritone T.C. up to f1, down to AA; Baritone B.C. up to e-flat; Tuba up to F
Rhythms: Winds:
    Level 2
    Level 2
Instrumentation: Piccolo, Flute 1, Flute 2, Oboe, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Clarinet 3, Bass Clarinet, Bassoon, Alto Sax 1, Alto Sax 2, Tenor Sax, Bari Sax, Cornet 1, Cornet 2, Cornet 3, Horn in F 1, Horn in F 2, Trombone 1, Trombone 2, Trombone 3, Baritone T.C., Baritone B.C., Tuba, Percussion 1, Percussion 2, Percussion 3
Percussion: Timpani, Crash Cymbals, Suspended Cymbals, Triangle, Tam tam, Chimes, Bells
Conductor Score: Full score
Length/Timing: 4 minutes
  • Solo lines are found in the Flute 1, Oboe, Bassoon, Clarinet 1, Cornet 1, Horn in F 1, Trombone 1, Baritone T.C., and Baritone B.C. parts
  • Divisi parts are found in the Flute 2, Bassoon, and the Horn in F 1 parts
  • There is a combined Clarinet 2 and 3, and Alto Sax 1 and 2 parts
  • Trombone and Bassoon cues can be found in the Bass Clarinet; Trumpet cues can be found in the Horn in F part; and Horn in F cues can be found in the Sax parts
  • There are many simple rhythms
  • This is an accessible piece for young players technically, but some attention will need to be focused on the musicality of the piece.

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