Literature Analyses

Written by Clare Grundman

Publisher: Boosey and Hawkes
Year Published: 1956 
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = None

1999-02 Texas PML rating = Grade 2

Reviewed by: JaimeVillarreal
Style/Form: Introduction (measures 1-14); Slow 'Chorale' Section (measures 15-50); Fast Section (measures 51-142)
Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

Three flats; One flat
Time Signatures: 3/4; 2/4
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Flute up to g2; Oboe down to e, up to bb1, Bassoon down to BBBb, up to f; Solo and 1st Clarinets down to E, up to e2; 2nd Clarinet down to E, up to g1; 3rd Clarinet down to E; Bb Bass Clarinet down to E; 1st Eb Alto Sax up to b1; 2nd Eb Alto Sax down to d, up to a1; Bb Tenor Sax up to c2; Eb Bari Sax up to b1 
    Solo and 1st Cornet up to g1; 2nd Cornet up to e1; 1st Trumpet up to g1; 2nd Trumpet down to Bb, up to e1; 1st and 3rd French Horn up to e1; 1st Trombone up to f; 2nd Trombone up to e; 3rd Trombone up to e; Baritone up to f; Basses up to E
Rhythms: Winds:
    Level 3
    Level 3
Instrumentation: Concert Flutes, Eb Clarinet, Oboe, Solo and 1st Bb Clarinet, 2nd and 3rd Bb Clarinet, Eb Alto Clarinet, Bb Bass Clarinet, 1st and 2nd Alto Saxophone, Bb Tenor Saxophone, Eb Baritone Saxophone, Bassoon, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th French Horn, Solo and 1st Bb Cornet, 2nd and 3rd Bb cornet, 1st and 2nd Trumpets, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Trombone, Baritone, Basses, Percussion, Timpani
Percussion: Four Players - Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Cymbal, Timpani
Conductor Score: Full score
Length/Timing: 142 measures/4 minutes
  • Timpani part requires an alert player (pitch changes measures 22 and 35)
  • Be careful not to overdramatize heavy accented notes
  • 1st solo cornet and 1st trumpet hit g1 nine and seven times respctively in the piece (fatigue could be a factor)
  • Soli in cornets and trumpets in measure 58 and again in measure 94
  • Cornets and Trumpets use straight mutes in measure 58
  • Flute part is 8va from measure 7 - 13
  • First 'chorale' section has numerous accidentals
  • Percussion acts in strict 'batterie' fashion (percussion is active but mundane)
  • Four different French Horn parts
  • Musical tempi include: Moderato, Bravura, and Allegro Moderato

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