Literature Analyses

Written by Quincy Hilliard

Publisher: Carl Fischer
Year Published: 1997 
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = 1

1999-2002 Texas PML rating = Grade 1

Reviewed by: Laurie Jean Lammons - Spring 2000
Style/Form: "Fast/Slow/Fast"  Allegro (m.1 - m.17); Andante (m.18 - m.41); Tempo 1 (m. 42 - m.91)
Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

Two flats 
Time Signatures: 3/4 (m.1-m.41); 4/4 (m.42- end)
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Flute up to f2; Oboe down to e-flat; Clarinet 1 up to f1, down to F; Clarinet 2 up to a, down to F; Alto Sax 1 up to c2; Alto Sax 2 up to a1; Tenor Sax up to f1, down to d; Bari Sax up to e1, down to c
    Trumpet 1 up to f1 (two times), down to d; Trumpet 2 up to a, down to c; Horn up to d1, down to B-Flat; Trombone 1 up to c, down to C; Trombone 2 up to c, down to B-Flat; Baritone BC part is same as Trombone 2; Tuba up to C, down to CC
Rhythms: Winds:
    Level 2
    Level 2
Instrumentation: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Bass Clarinet (Contrabass Clarinet), Alto Sax 1 (Alto Clarinet), Alto Sax 2, Tenor Sax, Bari Sax (Contralto Clarinet), Trumpet 1, Trumpet 2, Horn 1, Horn 2, Trombone 1, Trombone 2, Baritone BC (Same Part as Trombone 2),  Percussion 1, Percussion 2, Mallets
Percussion: Bells, Triangle, Suspended Cymbal, Crash Cymbals, Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Xylophone
Conductor Score: Full score
Length/Timing: 3 minutes, 30 seconds (91 measures)
  • alto saxophone part is written divisi for most of the piece
  • trumpet 1 has ossia for the two high f pitches
  • score includes a piano reduction 
  • tuba and low woodwinds double the bass line 
  • clarinet soli (8 measures) is accompanied only by percussion 
  • flute soli (10 measures, to high f) is accompanied only by clarinets and percussion 
  • use of two-part canon 
  • low brass (including tuba) and low woodwinds have melodic material 
  • horn part always doubled by another instrument
  • use of asymmetrical phrase lengths
  • dynamics used are ff, f, mf, mp, p
  • six players are needed in the percussion section
  • program notes and composer info are included
  • there is little use of accidentals and chromaticism

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