Literature Analyses


written by David Gorham

Publisher: Wingert - Jones Music, Inc.
Year Published: 1992
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = 2

1995-98 Texas PML rating = Grade 1

Reviewed by: Frank Lozano - Spring 1999
Style/Form: Slow and expressive; Moderately fast

A (m.1 - m.21); B (m.22 - end)

Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

One key change:

one flat (m.1 - m.59); two flats (m.60 - end)

Time Signatures: 4/4 (m.1 -  m.21); 2/4 (m.22 - end)
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Oboe down to d; Tenor Sax down to d and up to e1; Bassoon up to d; Bass Clarinet up to e1
    F Horn 1 up to c1; Trombone 1 and 2 up to d; Baritone BC up to d; Baritone TC up to e1
Rhythms: Winds:
    Level 2 with quarter-eighth-quarter rhythms and syncopated eighth note rhythms in the Saxes, Horns and Trombones; one sixteenth note run in the melody in the Trumpet/Cornet, Flute, and Oboe parts
    Level 3 for Snare Drum; syncopated eighth notes in the Bass Drum part
Instrumentation: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Alto Sax 1, Alto Sax 2, Tenor Sax, Bari Sax/Alto Clarinet, Trumpet/Cornet 1, Trumpet/Cornet 2, F Horn 1, F Horn 2, Trombone 1, Trombone 2, Baritone BC/Bassoon, Baritone TC/Bass Clarinet, Tuba, Snare/Suspended Cymbal, Crash Cymbals/Bass Drum
Percussion: Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Suspended Cymbal, Crash Cymbals
Conductor Score: Semi-Score; 9 lines; Low reeds combined with Tuba
Length/Timing: 2 minutes, 15 seconds (80 measures)
  • Glissandos in the Trombone parts starting at 6th position F (tuning)
  • Dynamics reach mezzo-piano for only 2 measures, the rest of the piece is mezzo-forte or forte
  • Low woodwinds and Low brass usually playing same parts
  • Use of staccatos and accents

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