Literature Analyses


written by Frank Erickson

Publisher: Alfred Publising Co., Inc.
Year Published: 1992
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = Medium

1995-98 Texas PML rating = Grade 2


Reviewed by: Mark Koehl - Spring 1999

Style/Form: Andante; No style changes; ABA (eighth = 88)

A (m. 1 - m. 16); B (m. 17 - m. 38); A (m. 39 - end)

Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

No key changes:

no sharps or flats flats (m.1 - end)

Time Signatures: No time changes

6/8 (m.1 - end)

Ranges: Woodwinds:

    Flute 1 up to f2 one time, Oboe 1 up to b flat1, Oboe 2 up to g1, Bassoon down to CC,  Clarinet 1 up to d2, Clarinet 2 up to b1, Clarinet 3 up to d1, Alto Sax 1 up to d1, Tenor Sax up to g1, Bari Sax up to a1


    Trumpet 1 up to b flat1, Trumpet 2 up to g1, Horn in F 1 up to f1, Horn in F 2 up to d1, Trombone 1 up to f, Trombone 2 up to d flat, Tuba down to AAA

Rhythms: Winds:

    Level 3 rhythms throughout;  A variety of rhythms in 6/8 time.


    Level 2 rhythms.  Very little percussion the the entire piece.

Instrumentation: Flute, Oboe 1, Oboe 2, Bassoon, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Clarinet 3, Alto Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, Alto Sax 1, Alto Sax 2,  Tenor Sax, Bari Sax, Cornet 1, Cornet 2, Cornet 3, Horn in F 1, Horn in F 2, Trombone 1, Trombone 2, Trombone 3, Baritone TC, Baritone BC, Tuba, Percussion, Timpani
Percussion: Timpani, Snare Drum, Suspended Cymbal, Triangle
Conductor Score: Full Score 
Length/Timing: 3 minutes, 45 seconds (54 measures)
  • Complex 6/8 rhythms
  • Large dynamic range (p - ff)
  • Very limited use of percussion
  • The barcarolle was a boat song sung by the Venetian gondoliers
  • It is played with six beats to the measure 

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