Literature Analyses


Written by Jerry Nowak

Publisher: Boosey & Hawkes
Year Published: 1986
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = 1

1995-98 Texas PML rating: Grade 1

Reviewed by: Juan Garcia  - Spring 1999
Style/Form: Moderately, legato style 

AABA  (quarter = 90)

Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

3 flats  (m.1 - end)
Time Signatures: 3/4 (m.1 - end)
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Flute up to e-flat 2, Oboe up to b-flat 1

           Trumpet  1 to d 1

Rhythms: Winds:
Level 1 for all except for dotted quarter eighth for Flute, Oboe and Clarinet 1



    Level 1 for all.
Instrumentation: Flute, Oboe, Bassoon/Baritone BC, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Alto Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, Alto Sax, Tenor Sax, Bari Sax, Trumpet 1, Trumpet 2, Horn in F, Trombone, Tuba, Snare/Bass Drum, Cymbals, Timpani, Bells
Percussion: Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Crash Cymbals, Suspended Cymbal, Bells,Timpani.
Conductor Score: Semi-Score; 12 lines; low reeds combined with low brass line
Length/Timing: 2 minutes, 10 seconds  (48 measures)
  • Melody doubled thinly at measure 13 with only flute and trumpet 1 playing.
  • It is augmented nicely at measure 21 with the addition of the clarinets . At measure 29 it becomes thin again but at measure 37 it is strengthened with more voices (trumpets and clarinets) playing at a forte level.
  • Backgrounds are well doubled throughout the piece.
  • The rhythms for percussion can be easily mastered by beginning students.

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