Literature Analyses

Written by  William Billings
Arranged by Eric Osterling

Publisher: Jenson Publications
Year Published: 1982
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = none 

1999-2002 Texas PML rating = Grade 1

Reviewed by: Alfred Flores Spring - 2000
Style/Form: AB (m.1 - m.16); AB (m. 17 - m.32); ABC (m. 33 - m.56)
Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

One flat (m.1 - m.32); Two flats (m.33 - m.56) 
Time Signatures:  4/4
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Oboe down to e-flat; Clarinet 1 down to G; Clarinet 2 down to F-sharp
    Trumpet 1 up to e1 (one time), down to c
Rhythms: Winds:
    Level 2
    Level 3
Instrumentation: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Alto Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, Bassoon, Alto Sax , Tenor Sax, Bari Sax , Trumpet 1, Trumpet 2, Horn in F, Trombone 1, Baritone TC, Baritone BC, Tuba, Percussion 1, Aux. Percussion, Mallet Percussion
Percussion: Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Tom- toms (3), Suspended Cymbal, Chimes, Bells
Conductor Score: Full score
Length/Timing: 2 minutes, 20 seconds (56 measures)
  • Dynamics are from ppp to ff
  • Level three percussion rhythms
  • Use of crescendo, decrescendo
  • Need five percussionists
  • Very exposed Horn, Clarinets, and Snare Drum in the beginning

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