Literature Analyses

Written by Ralph Vaughan Williams
Arranged by John W. Stout

Publisher: Boosey & Hawkes 
Year Published: 1984
Difficulty Level: Publisher rating = 2

1999-2002 Texas PML rating = Grade 2

Reviewed by: Laurie Jean Lammons - Spring 2000
Style/Form: Linden Lea is an adaptation of the famous British folk song written by Ralph Vaughan Williams.
Opening melody is Andante con moto.  Linden Lea is through-composed, with every instrument having the melody at some point in the piece
.Key Signatures:

(concert pitch)

One flat 
Time Signatures: 3/4 
Ranges: Woodwinds:
    Oboe up to g1, down to d; Clarinet 1 up to b1, down to d; Clarinet 2 up to g1, down to G; Clarinet 3 up to e1, down to G; E-flat Alto Clarinet up to b, down to G; B-flat Bass Clarinet up to c1, down to G; Alto Sax 2 up to e1, down to d; Tenor Sax up to e1, down to d; Bari Sax up to f1, down to d 
    Cornet 1 up to e1, down to d; Cornet 2 up to c1, down to d; Cornet 3 up to a, down to d; Horn up to d1, down to d; Trombone 1 up to f, down to C; Trombone 2 up to c, down to BB-flat; Trombone 3 up to c, down to C; Baritone up to c, down to BB-flat; Tuba up to D, down to BBB-flat; String Bass up to B-flat, down to FF
Rhythms: Winds:
    Level 2
    Level 1
Instrumentation: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet 1, Clarinet 2, Clarinet 3, Alto Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, Bassoon, Alto Sax 1, Alto Sax 2, Tenor Sax, Bari Sax (Contralto Clarinet), Cornet 1, Cornet 2, Cornet 3, Horn 1, Horn 2, Trombone 1, Trombone 2, Baritone TC, Baritone BC, Tuba, String Bass, Percussion 1, Timpani
Percussion: Suspended Cymbal, Bells, Chimes, Timpani             (4 percussion players needed)
Conductor Score: Full score
Length/Timing: 2 minutes, 45 seconds (57 measures) 
  • flute part written divisi from m.12-m.52
  • isolated flute, oboe, and clarinet part from m.21-m.29 and m.33-m.37
  • isolated brass choir from m.37-m.46
  • all parts contain the melody at some point in the piece
  • solo cornet 1 part from m.12-m.16
  • this piece contains moderate use of syncopation in the bass clarinet and brass section from m.46-m.48
  • alto sax part has clarinet 3 cues
  • tenor sax part has bassoon cues
  • cornet 1 part has clarinet 1 cues
  • cornet 2 part has horn cues
  • much use of dynamics and tempo variations
  • moderate use of chromaticism
  • timpani uses two notes, F and C
  • chime part is written as optional
  • string bass and alto clarinet are not essential parts
  • program notes and performance suggestions are included

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